treatment for nightmares

Using the phase (OBE/LD) in our real life for useful purposes

treatment for nightmares

Postby Anton » Thu Mar 11, 2010 4:09 am

Multimodal behavioral treatment of nonrepetitive, treatment-resistant nightmares: a case report. Detroit Receiving Hospital and University Health Center, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

A 23-yr.-old young woman presenting with a 17-yr. history of nightmares was treated with a variety of behavioral and self-regulatory techniques. The nightmares were unusual in that they did not have an obviously common theme as in most published reports, and, therefore, did not readily lend themselves to several frequently used techniques. Although previous treatment episodes had not affected the incidence of the nightmares, a combination of relaxation procedures, a mnemonic to increase lucid dreaming, and dream rehearsal upon waking from a nightmare resulted in a sharp decrease in the frequency of nightmares in four sessions. Further improvement was reported over the next nine months as additional techniques were introduced and other problems treated, and was maintained during a 9-mo. follow-up.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1573 ... dinalpos=7
Anton
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Re: treatment for nightmares

Postby Anton » Thu Mar 11, 2010 4:10 am

Lucid dreaming as a treatment for recurrent nightmares.
Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Que., Canada.

BACKGROUND: Lucid dreams occur when a person becomes aware that he or she is dreaming while still in the dream state. Previous reports on the use of lucid dreaming in the treatment of nightmares do not contain adequate baseline data, follow-up data, or both. METHODS: A treatment of recurrent nightmares incorporating progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and lucid dream induction is presented for 2 case studies. Three other cases were treated with lucid dream induction alone. The duration of the nightmares ranged from once every few days to once every few months. RESULTS: The procedures were effective in all 5 cases. A 1-year follow-up showed that 4 of the subjects no longer had nightmares and that 1 subject experienced a decrease in the intensity and frequency of her nightmares. CONCLUSIONS: The alleviation of recurrent nightmares in these 5 cases parallels the results reported by other authors who have used training in lucid dreaming to treat nightmares. Our results support the idea that treatments based on lucid dream induction can be of therapeutic value. Based on these and other case studies, it remains unclear whether the principal factor responsible for the alleviation of nightmares is lucidity itself, or the ability to alter some aspect of the dream.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8996 ... rom=pubmed
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Re: treatment for nightmares

Postby Anton » Thu Mar 11, 2010 4:11 am

The nightmare of returning home: a case of acute onset nightmare disorder treated by lucid dreaming.
Dept. of Behavioral Sciences, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel.

Nightmare disorder with acute onset involves the sudden appearance of frightening and disruptive dreams. In severe cases it may involve high levels of anxiety, fear of falling asleep, cognitive deficits secondary to sleep deprivation and so may pose a psychiatric emergency. Standard techniques of dream interpretation appear limited in dealing with such a crisis. Lucid dreaming, the experience of dreaming and simultaneously being aware that one is dreaming is an easily learned technique that may provide effective and dramatic relief. The usefulness of lucid dreaming is illustrated by a case history.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7558 ... inalpos=18
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Re: treatment for nightmares

Postby Anton » Thu Mar 11, 2010 4:15 am

Lucid Dreaming Treatment for Nightmares: A Pilot Study
Victor I. Spoormaker, Jan van den Bout

Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Background: The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of the cognitive-restructuring technique 'lucid dreaming treatment' (LDT) on chronic nightmares. Becoming lucid (realizing that one is dreaming) during a nightmare allows one to alter the nightmare storyline during the nightmare itself. Methods: After having filled out a sleep and a posttraumatic stress disorder questionnaire, 23 nightmare sufferers were randomly divided into 3 groups; 8 participants received one 2-hour individual LDT session, 8 participants received one 2-hour group LDT session, and 7 participants were placed on the waiting list. LDT consisted of exposure, mastery, and lucidity exercises. Participants filled out the same questionnaires 12 weeks after the intervention (follow-up). Results: At follow-up the nightmare frequency of both treatment groups had decreased. There were no significant changes in sleep quality and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity. Lucidity was not necessary for a reduction in nightmare frequency. Conclusions: LDT seems effective in reducing nightmare frequency, although the primary therapeutic component (i.e. exposure, mastery, or lucidity) remains unclear.

http://content.karger.com/produktedb/pr ... 6075006389
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Re: treatment for nightmares

Postby Anton » Thu Mar 11, 2010 4:16 am

Nightmares in crisis: clinical applications of lucid dreaming techniques.
Psychiatr J Univ Ott 1990;15(2):79-84
Department of Psychiatry, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

A patient in crisis was offered treatment with a major focus on alleviating nightmares using lucid dreaming (dreaming while knowing that one is dreaming). Of sixty-eight non-psychotic patients seen consecutively in a psychiatry emergency room, she was one of 16 (23.5%) found to have a concurrent complaint of nightmares (dream anxiety disorder). The benefits of the skills developed with lucid dreaming extended into areas other than nightmares as the patient entered psychotherapy. The techniques appeared to play a role in the reduction of nightmare frequency, intensity, and distress, and to enhance ego growth and personal development. Further research in lucid dreaming as an adjunctive treatment for patients with nightmares and as a useful technique in psychotherapy is suggested.
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